La FundaciÃn: A Fable of Reality and Fiction by Antonio Buero Vallejo
La FundaciÃn is one of the most successful works by Antonio Buero Vallejo, a Spanish playwright considered the most important Spanish dramatist of the Spanish Civil War. The play was first published in 1974 and has been translated into several languages. It is a fable that presents a clash between reality and fiction, as the protagonist, TomÃs, gradually discovers that his comfortable life in a luxurious foundation is actually a lie created by his captors to hide the horrors of a prison camp.
The play explores themes such as freedom, dignity, resistance, illusion, and truth, as well as the ethical, social, and philosophical implications of living in a false reality. Buero Vallejo uses innovative technical devices to create a contrast between the two worlds, such as lighting, sound effects, and stage design. The play also contains references to classical mythology, literature, and history, as well as to contemporary events such as the Franco dictatorship and the Cold War.
La FundaciÃn is a masterpiece of Spanish theatre that challenges the reader and the spectator to question their own perception of reality and to seek the truth behind appearances. It is a powerful and moving drama that combines suspense, emotion, and symbolism. The play has been adapted for television, radio, and film, and has received numerous awards and accolades.
If you want to read La FundaciÃn by Antonio Buero Vallejo in epub format, you can download it from this link, which provides a free digital copy of the book from the Internet Archive. You can also buy a hardcover edition of the book from Amazon or find other editions from Goodreads.
The play has been widely praised for its originality, depth, and complexity, as well as for its technical innovation and artistic expression. Buero Vallejo creates a dramatic tension between the two levels of reality: the subjective one of TomÃs, who lives in a delusional world of his own creation, and the objective one of the prison camp, where he and his companions suffer oppression, torture, and death. The play also explores the psychological and moral consequences of living in a false reality, as well as the ethical and political implications of resisting tyranny and oppression.
The play is divided into three acts, each one corresponding to a different stage of TomÃs's discovery of the truth. In the first act, he is completely immersed in his fantasy world, where he believes he is a researcher in a foundation that supports scientific and cultural projects. He ignores or rationalizes the signs that contradict his illusion, such as the smell of death, the hostility of his companions, or the presence of a corpse in his room. He also talks to his girlfriend Berta, who appears to him in visions with a pet mouse. In the second act, he begins to doubt his perception of reality, as he witnesses the removal of the corpse by some sinister men and learns from his companions that they are all prisoners who have been tortured and betrayed. He also realizes that Berta is not real, but a projection of his memory and desire. In the third act, he fully accepts the truth and decides to join his companions in their plan to escape through a tunnel they have dug. However, their plan is foiled by Max, who reveals himself as a traitor who has informed the guards. The play ends with TomÃs being taken away by the guards, presumably to be executed.
The play is rich in symbolism and references to various sources of inspiration. For example, the foundation represents TomÃs's idealized vision of a utopian society where culture and science are valued and supported. The mouse represents Berta's innocence and fragility, as well as TomÃs's attachment to her. The corpse represents the harsh reality of death and oppression that TomÃs tries to ignore. The tunnel represents the hope of freedom and escape from tyranny. The play also draws on classical mythology, such as the myth of Orpheus and Eurydice, where Orpheus loses his beloved Eurydice after looking back at her in the underworld. Similarly, TomÃs loses Berta after looking back at her in his fantasy world. The play also refers to literature and history, such as Dante's Inferno, Kafka's The Trial, Orwell's 1984, or Camus's The Plague. The play also reflects Buero Vallejo's own experience as a political prisoner during Franco's dictatorship and his criticism of totalitarian regimes.
La FundaciÃn is a masterpiece of Spanish theatre that offers a profound reflection on the nature of reality and fiction, as well as on the human condition in times of crisis and oppression. It is a play that challenges and engages the reader and the spectator with its dramatic intensity, its technical innovation, and its artistic expression. aa16f39245